A fertilizer is a natural or industrial material that contains essential nutrients for plant growth. There are various types of fertilizers available in the market. Here, we have listed common types of fertilizer that are essential for plant growth.
Common Types of Fertilizer
Organic Fertilizer (जैविक उर्वरक)
Nitrogen Fertilizer (नाइट्रोजन उर्वरक)
DAP Fertilizer (डी.ए.पी. उर्वरक)
Potassium Fertilizer (पोटैशियम उर्वरक)
NPK Fertilizer (एन.पी.के. उर्वरक)
Other Types of Fertilizer
Zinc Fertilizer (जिंक उर्वरक)
CMS Fertilizer (सी.एम्.एस. उर्वरक)
Organic fertilizer can be any natural material that contains nutrients (such as calcium, magnesium, etc.). It can be:
• Animal waste
• Kitchen waste
• Combination of animal waste, humus, and kitchen waste
• NPK (Nitrogen-Phosphorus-Potassium fertilizer extracted from natural resources)
It is also known as Diammonium Phosphate fertilizer. It is an industrial fertilizer and most widely used in the world. It is made by reacting phosphorus with ammonia in a controlled manner. It has high nutritional value than other industrial fertilizers.
A potassium fertilizer consists of two or three types of nutrients (generally sulfur, magnesium). It is an industrial fertilizer that contains potassium chloride, or potassium sulfate, or potassium nitrate.
It can be organic or inorganic fertilizer. Zinc oxide and zinc sulfate (inorganic, industrial) are the most widely used fertilizers. It is used to supply micronutrients to the soil or water.
It is a combination of calcium, magnesium, and sulfur with some other nutrients. It is an essential secondary fertilizer after NPK. Decomposed humus and animal waste provide organic CMS to the soil while industrial CMS is inorganic fertilizers.