Common Types of Electronic Components

An electronic component is a small physical entity. It affects the flow of electrons in a circuit. It can be a diode, transistor, capacitor, etc. Here, we have listed all the common types of electronic components.

Common Types of Electronic Components

Diode (ऐसी युक्ति जो विद्युत धारा को एक ही दिशा में प्रवाहित करती है)
Transistor (ट्रांज़िस्टर)
Integrated Circuit (IC) (समन्वित परिपथ प्रणाली)
Resistor (विद्युत धारा, दबाव अवरोधक)
Capacitor (संधारित्र)
Inductor (चुम्बकीय क्षेत्र के रूप में ऊर्जा संग्रहण करने वाली युक्ति)
Switch (विद्युत धारा के प्रवाह को स्वेच्छानुसार बंद करने या शुरू करने में उपयोग होने वाली युक्ति)
Circuit Breaker (परिपथ प्रणाली को अधिभार से बचाने वाली युक्ति)
Battery (ऊर्जा युक्ति)
Relay (विद्युत-यांत्रिकी युक्ति)
Sensor (कृत्रिम ज्ञानेंद्री)

Other Types of Electronic Components

Microcontroller (सूक्ष्म परिपथ प्रणाली नियंत्रक)
Transformer (विद्युत दबाव परिवर्तक)
Motor (मोटर)
Fuse (परिपथ प्रणाली संरक्षक युक्ति)
Display Device (चलचित्र-छायाचित्र युक्ति)

Diode (ऐसी युक्ति जो विद्युत धारा को एक ही दिशा में प्रवाहित करती है)

A diode consists of two terminals. It allows the flow of current in one direction because it has a high resistance at one terminal and low resistance at the second terminal.
Types of Diodes:
Zener Diode
PN Diode
Photodiode
etc.
Zener Diode
PN Diode
Photodiode

Transistor (ट्रांज़िस्टर)

A transistor usually consists of three terminals (Emitter, Base, Collector). It is used to amplify electronic signals.
Types of Transistors:
PNP Transistor
NPN Transistor
JEFT
MOSFET
PNP Transistor
NPN Transistor
JFET
MOSFET

Integrated Circuit (IC) (समन्वित परिपथ प्रणाली)

An IC consists of multiple electronic components (mainly transistors). The IC provides much faster processing than discrete electronic components.
Types of Integrated Circuits:
555 Timer IC
AND Gate IC
OR Gate IC
NOT Gate IC
NAND Gate IC
etc.
555 Timer IC
AND Gate IC
OR Gate IC
NOT Gate IC
NAND Gate IC

Resistor (विद्युत धारा, दबाव अवरोधक)

A resistor consists of two terminals. It is used to create resistance in the flow of current.
Types of Resistors:
Fixed Resistor
Variable Resistor
Thermistor
Varistor
Light Dependent
etc.
Fixed Resistor
Variable Resistor
Varistor
Light Dependent
Resistors Pack

Capacitor (संधारित्र)

A capacitor consists of two terminals. It is used to store electric charge temporarily.

Inductor (चुम्बकीय क्षेत्र के रूप में ऊर्जा संग्रहण करने वाली युक्ति)

An inductor consists of a coil of a wire. It is used to store the magnetic field during current flows through it.
Types of Inductors:
Iron-Core
Air-Core
Laminated Core
Toroidal
etc.

Switch (विद्युत धारा के प्रवाह को स्वेच्छानुसार बंद करने या शुरू करने में उपयोग होने वाली युक्ति)

A switch usually consists of a button. It is used to interrupt the flow of current. It connects or disconnects the conducting path in a circuit.
Types of Switches:
Single Pole Single Throw (SPST)
Single Pole Double Throw (SPDT)
Double Pole Single Throw (DPST)
Double Pole Double Throw (DPDT)
Push Button
Toggle
etc.
SPST
DPDT
Push Button

Circuit Breaker (परिपथ प्रणाली को अधिभार से बचाने वाली युक्ति)

It is an electronic device that operates automatically. It is used to protect the circuit from overloading, short circuit, etc.

Battery (ऊर्जा युक्ति)

A battery is a source of electrical energy. It stores electrical energy in the form of chemical energy. It is used to supply electrical energy to the electronic circuit.

Relay (विद्युत-यांत्रिकी युक्ति)

A relay is an electrically operated mechanical switch. It usually consists of an armature, a spring, an electromagnet, and multiple electrical contacts.
Types of Relays:
Reed Relay
Polarized Relay
Latching Relay
Differential Relay
etc.
Reed
Latching

Sensor (कृत्रिम ज्ञानेंद्री)

A sensor is an electronic device. It measures the change in environment, a physical quantity, or an event and converts it into a signal voltage. It is used to collect data from the environment automatically.
Types of Sensors:
Pressure Sensor
Proximity Sensor
Temperature Sensor
Photoelectric Sensor
Gas Sensor
Radiation Sensor
Motion Sensor
Level Sensor
Humidity Sensor
Flame Sensor
Ultrasonic Sensor
Touch Sensor
etc.
Pressure
Proximity
Temperature
Photoelectric
Gas
Radiation
Motion
Level
Humidity
Flame
Ultrasonic
Touch

Microcontroller (सूक्ष्म परिपथ प्रणाली नियंत्रक)

A microcontroller consists of one or more programmable devices, CPUs, and memory storage devices. It is used to control multiple electronic devices.

Transformer (विद्युत दबाव परिवर्तक)

A transformer usually consists of two coils. It is used to step up or step down electrical power.

Motor (मोटर)

A motor is an electro-mechanical device. It converts electrical energy into mechanical energy. It is used to rotate wheels, pulleys, etc.

Fuse (परिपथ प्रणाली संरक्षक युक्ति)

A fuse consists of a wire mounted between two terminals. The wire melts down and cuts the power supply in case of overloading or shortcircuit.

Display Device (चलचित्र-छायाचित्र युक्ति)

A display device is an output device. It consists of a monitor or screen. It is used to display the output of an electronic circuit.